A Book Tied To My Ancestry

Under Milk Wood: A Play for Voices, by Dylan Thomas, was published, posthumously, in 1954. It was first performed on BBC radio on January 25, 1954.

The first sentence is: “To begin at the beginning: It is spring, moonless night in the small town, starless and bible-black, the cobblestreets silent and the hunched, courters’-and-rabbits’ wood limping invisible down to the sloeback, slow, black, crowback, fishingboat-bobbing sea.

Under Milk Wood

The story takes place during a single day in the Welsh town of Llareggub. It begins before dawn, with the residents asleep and dreaming.

Captain Cat, the retired blind seacaptain, dreams of drowned sailors, who all want to hear the latest goings on above the sea. “And who brings cocoanuts and shawls and parrots to my Gwen now?

Miss Myfanwy Price dreams of her lover. “Throw away your little bedsocks and your Welsh wool knitted jacket, I will warm the sheets like an electric toaster, I will lie by your side like the Sunday roast…” he says to her.

Mister Waldo, “rabbitcatcher, barber, herbalist, catdoctor, quack“, dreams of his dear mother.

The twice-widowed Mrs. Ogmore-Pritchard dreams of her two husbands, who both assure her that they are taking care of their health, just as she always instructed them to. Both husbands, in Mrs. Ogmore-Prichard’s dreams, are happy to be henpecked beyond the grave.

Through their dreams, we are introduced to the residents of Llareggub: Organ Morgan, the organist; Willy Nilly, the postman; Butcher Banyon; Gossamer Banyon, daughter and schoolteacher; Reverend Eli Jenkins; Nogood Boyo, the fisherman, and so on.

Dawn arrives at Llareggub, signaled by Captain Cat ringing the townhall bell.

Up on Coronation Street and down on Donkey Street, Llareggub starts another day. Cherry Owen and Mrs. Cherry Owen have last night’s onions and spuds for breakfast, while bickering lovingly. Sinbad Sailors greets the day with a freshly drawn pint as he opens the Sailor’s Arms. Mr. Pugh fantasizes about poisoning Mrs. Pugh, while treating her well.

Children go to school. Fishermen go to sea.

I absolutely loved this book/screenplay. The story is touching and romantic and hilarious. It’s down-to-earth and magical. It’s beautiful.

I read Phillip the following passage, which made me laugh out loud: Bessie Bighead “…picks a posy of daisies in Sunday Meadow to put on the grave of Gomer Owen who kissed her once by the pig-sty when she wasn’t looking and never kissed her again although she was looking all the time.” Phillip said that passage reminded him of A Prairie Home Companion. I hadn’t seen that before, but I think that’s an apt comparison for this entire book. If you like one, I think you’ll like the other.

(By the way, there is no actual town named Llareggub. It’s bugger all spelled backwards.)

Why I chose this book:

Except for my father tracing his immediate family tree, ancestry was never an important topic in my family. I know that my father can trace his roots back to Germany. I’ve been told that, if you go back far enough, some of my mother’s family can be found in Wales. That was good enough for me.

Wales seems like a more interesting place than Germany, mainly because I don’t know much about Wales.

I did some internet searching for novels set in Wales. I found a few, but none that were in either of my local libraries. (Someday, maybe, I’ll finally remember the most obvious solution and ask a librarian.) Then I worked backwards and looked for Welsh authors, and, of course, found Dylan Thomas.

A Book That Was Being Read By A Stranger In A Public Place

The Andromeda Strain, by Michael Crichton, was first published in 1969.

The first sentence fragment is: “A man with binoculars.

The Andromeda StrainLieutenant Roger Shawn and Private Lewis Crane have been sent to recover a Scoop satellite, which has landed twelve miles outside of Piedmont, Arizona (population 48). Neither Lieutenant Shawn and Private Crane know much about Scoop satellites except that they are intended to analyze the upper atmosphere and then return to the ground. Everything else about Scoop satellites is secret.

Lieutenant Shawn and Private Crane drive out into the Mojave Desert at night and, using highly accurate tracking electronics, discover that the satellite is no longer in its original position. It’s been moved into Piedmont.

At Vandenberg Air Force Base, Scoop Mission Control listens as Shawn and Crane drive into town, leaving their radio open, as outlined in the System Rules Manual of Project Scoop. They report that the town is dark and quiet. Then they report that there are dead bodies everywhere. Then Shawn and Crane report seeing a man in a bathrobe crossing the street. There is a high-pitched scream, a crunching sound, and Mission Control loses contact with Lieutenant Shawn and Private Crane.

Flyovers confirm that Shawn and Crane are dead, along with the entire town of Piedmont, Arizona – except for one elderly man wandering around in a bathrobe.

Project Wildfire is initiated.

Then, a second survivor is found: A two month old baby boy.

The satellite (officially named Scoop VII) and the two Piedmont survivors are brought to a secret laboratory in Flatrock, Nevada, buried beneath an agricultural research station. Directive 7-12, which would destroy all traces of Piedmont, Arizona, is delayed while the politics of detonating an above-ground nuclear bomb are worked out.

Four of the five scientists who make up the Wildfire team are taken to the laboratory in Flatrock to find out what Scoop VII brought to Earth.

The Andromeda Strain is a biological mystery. It is a mystery solved by scientists following protocols and using the scientific process of hypotheses and tests. For a story about four scientists running tests, there are surprisingly no slow parts. I had a tough time putting this book down.

It is a novel, a work of fiction, but it is presented as if it was a true story, with a “CLASSIFIED TOP SECRET” warning at the beginning, scientific footnotes at the end, and photos “Courtesy of Project Wildfire”. The science depicted in the book felt very real, and the fake warnings and references added to the realism.

I read this book once before, a long time ago. I loved it then, and I loved it now. I also loved the movie adaptation (which, by the way, is very faithful to the book, with only minor changes, like gender-swapping one character and replacing darts with lasers).

The Andromeda Strain is a wonderful, suspenseful book. I highly recommend it.

Why I chose this book:

I saw a man reading a paperback book on the 47 bus one evening. I recognized the cover as The Andromeda Strain. It brought back memories.

I loved the book when I was a teenager. I haven’t read it since. I also loved the movie adaptation. (I may have seen the movie before I read the book, but I’m not sure.) It was around that time that I realized that movies are often based on books.

Seeing The Andromeda Strain being read on the bus made me want to read it again. I have a rule (that I made up) that I won’t read a book for the Reading Challenge that I’ve read before, unless the category required it. I decided to make an exception in this case.

A Book About A Problem Facing Society Today

A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo, by Marlon Bundo with Jill Twiss, was published in 2018. It is illustrated by EG Keller.

The first line of dialog is: “Hello. My name is Marlon Bundo, and I am a bunny.

A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo

Marlon Bundo, the book’s narrator, lives in a stuffy old house, with Mom, Grandma, and Grandpa. Grandpa’s name is Mike Pence, and he is the Vice President.

The book isn’t about Grandpa, Marlon Bundo tells us. It’s about Marlon Bundo and his very special day.

Marlon Bundo does everything alone. He eats, sleeps, and watches the news alone. He has friends, but he is also lonely.

On that very special morning, Marlon meets a handsome bunny named Wesley.

Marlon and Wesley hit it off immediately, and spend the day hopping everywhere together.

Marlon and Wesley have so much fun hopping together that they don’t ever want to hop alone anymore. They decide to get married. Their friends are thrilled.

But then The Stink Bug arrives and announces, in a scary voice, that Marlon and Wesley can’t get married. The Stink Bug is In Charge, but none of the other animals can work out why he’s In Charge.

The Stink Bug explains that boy bunnies marry girl bunnies. That’s how it’s always been. Marlon and Wesley are different, explains The Stink Bug, and different is bad.

The animals need to do something to help their friends Marlon and Wesley get married.

A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo is a delight. It’s funny. It’s well written. It’s wonderfully illustrated. It’s a children’s book and it’s a satire.

I enjoyed it a lot.

Why I chose this book:

For the third consecutive time in the 2018 Reading Challenge, a book found me, and I had to find a category for it.

Phillip sent me a message on May 1st, and told me he had a late Easter present for me. That present turned out to be A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo.

I wanted to use it for the Reading Challenge. Phillip wanted me to use it for the Reading Challenge. I didn’t see how I could. We worked on the problem together.

The “book with a LBGTQ+ protagonist” had been taken by Kevin Keller. The “book with an animal in the title” is being taken by a book I’m currently reading. (As a last resort, I could break my self-imposed rule and stop reading the book underway. But I didn’t want to.)

Marlon Bundo would have been perfect for the “book I borrowed or that was given to me as a gift”. (Darn you, Ice Station Zebra!)

We read through the unused categories together. Phillip decided it was absolutely perfect as a “book about a problem facing society today”, and I agreed.

A Family Member

Brothers, by Ralph Josiah Bardsley, was published in 2015. An internet search for “book with a family member term in the title” lead me to this book.

BrothersJamus Cork is a Bostonian by heart, but he is attending graduate school in New York City. He is enjoying life in New York. He meets a man, by chance, in a bar and they fall in love. Life in New York is wonderful.

Jamus has his life planned out. He will finish school, stay in New York, and be a writer.

Then, both of his parents die in a car crash. Jamus’ only brother, Nick, had been born just before Jamus left for college. Nick was three years old when their parents died.

Now, Jamus is back in the South End neighborhood of Boston, raising Nick on his own. This is not the life Jamus Cork was planning.

Jamus has a good job in a bookstore. He continues to write. He loves his brother, and does his best to be a good guardian. Still, Jamus has nightmares of the crash that killed his parents.

Brothers Jamus and Nick Cork are more like father and son.

Sean Malloy has finished graduate school in west Massachusetts, with a doctorate in Education. He’s returning to Boston. As he’s packing, Sean receives a phone call from his brother, Kevin. Kevin has just been honorably discharged from the Marines.

Brothers Sean and Kevin Malloy move back into their parents’ house in South Boston. Their two sisters live nearby. Sean’s teaching career is at odds with his family’s blue color background.

Grace Kinvara grew up in South Boston. She went to school with Sean and Kevin. Kevin had asked Grace to the prom, but she told him she was waiting for Sean to ask her. It caused a rift between the two brothers for a while. Sean didn’t ask her to the prom, however.

Now, Grace is still making romantic moves toward Sean, but he’s clearly not interested. Kevin can’t figure it out. Neither can Father Richards, who thinks Sean and Grace would make a wonderful couple.

Nick becomes a rebellious, tough teenager. He’s known, all his life, that his brother is gay, and, to him, it’s just who his brother is. Other kids are not so accepting. Nick gets into fights. During one fight, he calls his opponent, whose parents are from Nigeria, a racial slur. Nick is stopped by his English teacher, Mister Malloy, who calls Nick’s guardian in for a parent-teacher conference.

It’s not the first time Sean Malloy and Jamus Cork had met each other. They’d locked eyes during Mass once, and had had a casual conversation afterwards. Grace noticed the way Sean and Jamus had looked at each other.

More than halfway into this 250-page book, Sean and Jamus go on a date. It’s Jamus’ first date in ten years. Jamus is afraid to tell his bother that he’s going on a date with his English teacher. Sean is afraid to tell his brother that he’s going on a date with a man. Sean has never gone on a date with a man before.

Brothers is a pretty good novel. It was a little slow at times, and the ending wrapped up a little too neatly, I thought, but I enjoyed it, overall. It was full of side stories and plot twists, just enough to keep it interesting. It’s a character-driven story.

My favorite character was Nick, who grows from a child wondering why his brother takes him to the park alone, unlike the other “parents”, to a teenager wondering why his brother doesn’t keep any of his novels on the bookshelf at home. When he gets a copy of Angel of New York, Jamus’ most popular novel, Nick begins to wonder how much truth there is in the story of a gay street kid, high on drugs, who kills his family in a car crash.

  • A book with a family-member term in the title

More Than 800 Pages

1Q84, by Haruki Murakami, was published, as a single volume, in 2011. The trade paperback edition of the novel, which I borrowed from the library, is 1,157 pages long.

1Q841Q84 was originally published in three volumes, between 2009 and 2010. Volumes 1 and 2 were translated from Japanese into English by Jay Rubin. Volume 3 was translated by Philip Gabriel.

Aomame’s name is written with the same characters as the word for “green peas”, and it’s pronounced with the same four syllables: “Ah-oh-mah-meh”. People have a hard time believing that that’s her real name, but it is. Her grandfather came from a village where a lot of people are supposedly named Aomame, but Aomame has never met another person with the same name as her.

Aomame is in the back of an unusually luxurious taxi. Janáček’s Sinfonietta is playing on the cab’s stereo. Aomama is lost in the music, until she remembers that she is heading for an important meeting, and they’re stuck in a traffic jam on a Tokyo expressway. She’s going to be late for her meeting. The cab driver gives her an “extreme” solution: Leave the cab, climb down the expressway maintenance ladder, to the street three stories below, and take the subway to her meeting.

Aomame pays her fare and as she leaves the taxi, in the middle of the expressway, the cab driver tells her: “Don’t let appearances fool you… There’s always only one reality.

Tengo has a memory from when he was one-and-a-half years old. A man, who is not his father, is sucking on his mother’s breasts. Tengo realizes it’s unusual to remember anything from such a young age. It’s even more unusual that he sees himself in the memory, as if reading a story in the third person.

Tengo has this memory often, and every time he does, it causes him to have a kind of seizure.

Tengo is in a café near Shinjuku Station when he has this vivid memory, and the resulting seizure. They both last about ten seconds. He’s in the café with his friend and mentor, Komatsu. They had been discussing an author named Fuka-Eri and her debut novel Air Chrysalis. It had been submitted to a new writers’ competition. Tengo and Komatsu agree that the novel is poorly written, certainly not a prize winner, and yet it’s a compelling book.

Komatsu is a magazine editor. Tengo is a school teacher, and part-time writer. The two met five years earlier, when Tengo submitted a piece for Komatsu’s magazine’s new writers’ competition. Komatsu informed Tengo that the piece was not good enough to win the competition, but showed enough potential that Komatsu offered to become Tengo’s mentor, judging everything Tengo wrote. Eventually, Komatsu hired Tengo as a screener for the new writers’ competition.

Komatsu presents an idea to Tengo: Air Chrysalis should be submitted to the prestigious Akutagawa Prize. It would have to be completely rewritten, however, and Komatsu suggests that Tengo do it. Tengo has skill but lacks imagination, Komatsu points out, while Fuka-Eri has imagination but lacks skill. Tengo rejects the idea. It sounds like committing fraud, he says.

As she descends the maintenance ladder, Aomame has a memory of a lesbian experimentation she once had with a classmate. The memory is vivid, and seems entwined with Janáček’s Sinfonietta, but she can’t remember what year it took place. In fact, she’s suddenly having difficulty remembering any dates at all. “It is now April 1984. I was born in… that’s it… 1954. I can remember that much.

On her way to the subway station, a police officer passes her. His uniform is the standard police uniform, but it’s slightly different. He’s carrying a sophisticated automatic weapon, instead of the typical revolver.

Aomame arrives at the hotel. She cleans herself up. She knocks on the door of room 426. She tells Mr. Miyama that she’s a member of the hotel staff, there to inspect a faulty air conditioner.

Aomame murders Mr. Miyama quietly and professionally. She leaves the hotel, looking like any other business woman. She leaves nothing behind that would suggest it was anything other than a heart attack.

Tengo meets with Fuka-Eri, still unsure whether he’ll take on Komatsu’s plan. Fuka-Eri is a 17-year old girl who doesn’t display many emotions. She speaks in short sentences, without inflection. She doesn’t go to Tengo’s school, but she’s attended a couple of his lectures. She doesn’t care much for literature, despite having written Air Chrysalis. She claims she didn’t submit the novel to the competition, but won’t say who did. She doesn’t care if Tengo rewrites her book or not. She doesn’t care much about anything. Suddenly, Tengo decides to do the rewrite. Fuka-Eri says that before he does, there’s someone he should meet. She won’t say who this person is until they meet him.

Aomame goes to a bar, and strikes up a conversation with a stranger. She asks him about the new police uniforms. The man remembers the change, but thinks it was a long time ago. The bartender tells them that the police updated their uniforms, and began carrying automatic weapons, about two years ago, following a confrontation with a militarized cult. It was quite a big story, he says. Aomame doesn’t remember that. She goes back to the man’s hotel room, and they have sex. Afterwards, she watches the news, and sees an update about the moon base being built as a joint project by the Soviet Union and the USA. This is the first time Aomame has heard of this moon base.

Aomame forms a hypothesis: Her world, or the whole world, has changed. It’s no longer 1984, she decides. It’s now something she names “1Q84”.

That’s the first hundred or so pages, less than ten percent of 1Q84.

When I picked up 1Q84 at the library, I had very little idea what it was about. I knew it had something to do with parallel worlds, or alternate realities, or something along those lines. But that’s all I knew. I guessed it might be science fiction, but I wasn’t even sure of that. I picked it for the Challenge mainly for its number of pages.

At the end of “Book 1”, 387 pages into the novel, I still had no idea where it was going, but I couldn’t put it down. It was reminding me, somewhat, of the TV show Lost. Everyday events become mystical. Details begin looking like clues to solve a mystery. But I didn’t even know what that mystery might be.

At the end of “Book 2”, at page 739, I began to understand how the worlds (whatever worlds those might be) of Aomame, Tengo, Fuka-Eri, and Air Chrysalis were connected, but I still didn’t understand why they were connected. The book still had around 400 pages to go, and I didn’t know where it was going, and I didn’t want to put the book down.

I had been on a long waiting list at the library for this book, and I knew that I probably wouldn’t be able to renew it, so I made plans for when my three-week loan would be up and I hadn’t finished the book. That didn’t happen. Reading 1Q84 was like binge-watching Lost. I’d open the book, intending to read a chapter, the story would take an unexpected twist, and I just had to keep reading to find out what that twist meant. I’d continue reading another chapter, and then another. I flew through the thousand pages in less than three weeks. I’ve never read a book that quickly – until now.

1Q84 is an amazing book. It’s a mystery, and a detective story, and a romance. It’s erotic (and quite graphic). I won’t tell you if it’s science fiction or not, because that would be spoiling it. The characters are fascinating and the story is compelling.

Actually, the story consumed me. It brought me into its world (or worlds) and wouldn’t let me go.

I absolutely loved 1Q84. It’s now one of my all-time favorite books.

  • A book that’s more than 800 pages



One of the things I love about Popsugar’s Reading Challenge is how vague, and open to interpretation, its categories can be. There’s “A book about a difficult topic”, for instance. Does that mean a topic that’s difficult for me, or difficult for society in general? Does that mean emotionally difficult, as in a story of abuse, or difficult to comprehend, as in a book about quantum physics? I tend to over think some of these categories, but that’s actually part of the fun.

I put several books on my “For Later” library shelf for this category, unable to decide in which direction I wanted to go. I finally decided to go for a topic that’s emotionally difficult for me, and also (I hope) society in general. Maybe it will be difficult for some people to comprehend.

The Fire Next Time, by James Baldwin, was first published in 1963. I downloaded it from the library and read it on my phone.The Fire Next Time

The book consists of two essays. The first essay is titled: “My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nephew on the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Emancipation.

James Baldwin wrote this letter to offer hope and encouragement to his nephew – on both a personal and national level.

I know what the world has done to my brother and how narrowly he has survived it. And I know, which is much worse, and this is the crime of which I accuse my country and my countrymen, and for which neither I nor time nor history will ever forgive them, that they are destroying hundreds of thousands of lives and do not know it and do not want to know it. One can be, indeed one must strive to become, tough and philosophical concerning destruction and death, for this is what most of mankind has been best at since we have heard of man. (But remember: most of mankind is not all of mankind.)

He makes a point that every civil rights struggle is simultaneously unique and shared. He urges his nephew to be strong and recognize that there are those who will insist that he isn’t being oppressed – which is an act of oppression.

The second essay is titled: “Down at the Cross: Letter from a Region in My Mind.

In this essay, James Baldwin tells about growing up in Harlem, and getting assaulted by the police at the age of 10, on his was to the library. He tells about finding Christianity at the age of 14. He wrote at length about “the Negro problem”.

Negroes in this country – and Negroes do not, strictly or legally speaking, exist in any other – are taught to despise themselves from the moment their eyes open on the world. The world is white and they are black.

He tells about his early Christian faith, and what it meant to him. He tells about what he thought Christianity should be, versus the way it was being used.

He turned to Islam for answers. Although he didn’t agree with everything the Honorable Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam were saying, they did, at least, treat him better than the Christians. And yet, he writes, he didn’t consider himself Muslim, and he didn’t consider himself Christian.

The Fire Next Time is a powerful, thoughtful, and difficult book. Its two essays are filled with anger, pain, love, hope, beauty, history, politics, and humanity. It is a book about problems, solutions, and the problems with solutions.

It is a book about how flawed the United States of America is.

  • A book about a difficult topic

A Bangsian Fantasy Book

This was a tough category. How in the world do you find a book in a genre or subgenre that you’ve never heard of? The internet is the obvious place to start, but what exactly do you search for?

Then it came to me.

I searched for “obscure book genres”. This lead me to a list of genres, some of which I had never heard of, along with books within those genres. This lead me to “Bangsian fantasy”.

BestFantasyBooks.com defines Bangsian fantasy like this:

Bangsian Fantasy is a sub-genre primarily concerned with the afterlife and specifically with the exploration of the afterlife. The sub-genre gets its name from author John Kendrick Bangs. Bangs wrote stories about the afterlife and the supernatural, but with a humorous style. Bangs is not the first writer, nor the last, who wrote stories like these, but his work gave the sub-genre shape.

A common feature of Bangsian Fantasy is the inclusion of dead famous people and mythological characters. These stories tend (though not always) to have a genial tone. There are three main categories that Bangsian stories fall into: ghosts stuck in the living world, living people stuck in the world of the dead, and people who have died in a Heaven (or Hell). All Bangsian stories try to answer the question of: “So I’m dead, now what?”

A list of Bangsian fantasy books led me to The Ghost Bride.

The Ghost Bride, by Yangsze Choo, was published in 2013. I downloaded it from The Seattle Public Library and read it on my phone.

The Ghost BridePart One takes place in Malaya, in 1893. The narrator is a 17 year-old woman named Li Lan.

Li Lan’s father has asked her if she would like to become a ghost bride. It wasn’t a question, however.

A young man about Li Lan’s age, named Lim Tian Ching, had died a few months earlier. He was a member of the Lim family, one of the wealthiest families in Malacca.

The head of the Lim family had approached Li Lan’s father about marrying his daughter to Lim Tian Ching. The practice of marrying a dead person was uncommon, and used in only special situations, such as a marrying a deceased concubine so that a son could be legitimate.

Li Lan’s father had once been a successful businessman, but after smallpox killed his wife and scarred him, he retired from business. Now, he has very little money left. He sees marrying Li Lan into the Lim family as a way to give her a better life.

Li Lan had seen Lim Tian Ching once or twice around the city, but he’d made no impression on her. It is a mystery to Li Lan why the Lim family chose her.

Li Lan is invited to meet Madam Lim at the Lim mansion. The sprawling home is more beautiful than anything Li Lan could have imagined. There, she happens to meet the servant who maintains the mansion’s many clocks. She is quite impressed with this handsome, intelligent, and charming young man, and can’t stop thinking about him.

Li Lan learns of the connection between her family and the Lim family. She learns the identity of the clock-cleaning servant, and the reason behind the wedding proposal.

The night after her visit with Madam Lim, Li Lan meets Lim Tian Ching in a dream. In one of the dreams that follow, Lim Tian Ching asks Li Lan to marry him. Li Lan is disgusted. She tells him no.

Ghosts can be powerful beings, however – and so can mediums, who promise to protect you from ghosts.

Part One of The Ghost Bride is a historic drama. It tells of life in Malaya when it was a British colony. More specifically, it tells of life in the port city of Malacca. It’s a lively, melting-pot city of many races, languages, religions, ceremonies, and beliefs.

Part Two of The Ghost Bride is more of a fantasy. It takes place in the afterworld.

Li Lan is a spirit, but her comatose body is still alive. Her doctor tries to awaken her, while she watches, as a helpless spectator, from outside.

While learning the physics of the spirit world, Li Lan travels to the Lim mansion, where she uncovers layers of mystery surrounding the death of Lim Tian Ching.

Li Lan travels the streets of Malacca, as a wandering spirit. She learns from ghosts waiting for the right moment to enter the Plains of the Dead and face the Nine Courts of Hell. She learns from ghosts unable to move on. She learns to hide from demons.

She learns to enter people’s dreams, as Lim Tian Ching had entered hers.

Li Lan has a feeling that she needs to find a way to enter the Plains of the Dead, but she doesn’t understand why she has this feeling. All she knows is that getting there is going to be difficult, since Lim Tian Ching controls the border guards.

Part Three of The Ghost Bride is named “The Plains of the Dead”.

Ghosts in the afterworld have many of the same needs as a living person, including food, transportation, and money. A ghost receives these things from offerings left at their shrine. This presents a problem for Li Lan, since she isn’t dead. Li Lan is resourceful, however. With a ghost as her guide, and with the aid of friends in the land of the living, Li Lan travels across the vast Plains of the Dead.

Part Four of The Ghost Bride is named “Malacca”.

Existence in the Plains of the Dead is difficult. Finding your way back to the land of the living is more difficult. Knowing whom to trust is even more difficult.

Ghosts, just like the living, are not always who they claim to be.

The Ghost Bride is a complex story, and yet it was easy to follow. It’s a mystery story, and a young adult romance, and a tale of political intrigue, and a historic drama, and a ghost story.

I loved everything about this book. I loved the character of Li Lan, as well as the other characters. I loved learning about a history and culture I had been previously unaware of. I loved all the details the author, Yangsze Choo, wove into the worlds she created. I loved the twists and turns this story followed. And so on.

After the end of the story, Yangsze Choo provides further information about ghost marriages (which were practiced primarily in overseas Chinese communities, such as Malaysia, and almost unheard of in mainland China), as well as the Chinese vision of the afterlife, taken from parts of many religions. She provides more information on the history of Malaysia – known as Malaya at the time of this novel’s story. She includes information about Chinese dialects, and the names and words used in the story.

Yes, I absolutely loved this book.

  • A book from a genre/subgenre that you’ve never heard of

A Book In Another Book

All the Bright Places, by Jennifer Niven, was the fifth book I read for the 2017 Reading Challenge.

Here’s a passage from page 194. It’s Violet’s chapter. Violet’s parents are having breakfast with Finch:

When [Mom] asks Finch if he’s thought about what he wants to do beyond college, as in with his life, I pay attention because I actually don’t know the answer.

“It changes every day. I’m sure you’ve read For Whom the Bell Tolls.”

Mom answers yes for both of them.

“Well, Robert Jordan knows he’s going to die. ‘There is only now,’ he says, ‘and if now is only two days, then two days is your life and everything in it will be in proportion.’ None of us knows how long we have, maybe another month, maybe another fifty years – I like living as if I only have that two days.”

For Whom the Bell Tolls, by Ernest Hemingway, was first published in 1940.

Unlike Violet’s parents, I’d never read it before now.

For Whom The Bell TollsThe 471 pages in this novel span a few days in May, 1937.

Robert Jordan is an American in the International Brigades, assigned to a group of republican guerrilla fighters in Spain. They’re fighting against Franco’s fascists. As an expert in demolition, he’s been given the job of blowing up a bridge, at the right time, by a Russian General.

While sharing a meal at the guerrilla camp, Robert Jordan meets a woman with shockingly short hair, named Maria. Three months earlier, she’d been a prisoner at Valladolid, where they’d kept her head shaved. She’d escaped, and her hair has been growing back. Robert Jordan learns that Maria “belongs” to no one. The abuse she received in Valladolid has made her fiercely independent. Robert Jordan admires her and falls in love with her. He calls her “little rabbit”.

“He was violating the second rule of the two rules for getting on well with people that speak Spanish; give the men tobacco and leave the women alone; and he realized, very suddenly, that he did not care.”

And, Maria falls in love with Robert Jordan.

As Robert Jordan falls for Maria, he clashes with Pablo, the leader of the guerrillas. Pablo feels that blowing up the bridge is too risky, too big a job for their group, and that attempting it will get them all killed. He wants to take Robert Jordan’s dynamite away.

Robert Jordan is a loyal man. He was given the assignment to blow up the bridge, and he intends to follow his orders. Yet, there is some doubt in his mind. Pablo may be right, he decides.

As demolition day approaches, the colorful band of guerrillas drink wine, discuss death and philosophy, and swap stories of their pasts. Robert Jordan and Maria, meanwhile, talk of the future.

Pilar is Pablo’s woman, and Maria’s guardian. She considers herself old and ugly, and is a little jealous of Maria’s youth. Pilar is happy that Maria has found someone as kind and intelligent as Robert Jordan. (In Robert Jordan’s mind, it was Pilar who pushed him and Maria into the same sleeping bag.) Pilar considers herself the true leader of the guerrillas, since it is obvious to her that the men have lost faith in Pablo.

Robert Jordan has been living in Spain for twelve years. He speaks Spanish and Castilian fluently. He considers himself as much Spanish as he is American. The guerrillas don’t consider him a foreigner – when they call him Inglés, it’s in a sense of friendly jest. Because of his involvement with the International Brigade, if he were ever to return to Montana, he would probably be branded a communist.

And, as Finch reminded Violet’s parents, things do not end well for Robert Jordan. He is loyal, introspective, and a hero to the end, however.

I have fought for what I believed in for a year now. If we win here we will win everywhere. The world is a fine place and worth the fighting for and I hate very much to leave it. And you had a lot of luck, he told himself, to have had such a good life. You’ve had as good a life as grandfather’s though not as long. You’ve had as good a life as any one because of these last days. You do not want to complain when you have been so lucky. I wish there was some way to pass on what I’ve learned, though.

For Whom the Bell Tolls is a war story. It’s also a love story. It’s a story about loyalty, bigotry, religion, and political beliefs. It is a complex story. Hemingway put it all together into a masterpiece.

It lives up to its reputation as a classic. For Whom the Bell Tolls in a wonderful book, and I loved it.

  • A book that’s been mentioned in another book

The Eccentric Mister Psmith

Psmith in the City, by P.G. Wodehouse, was first published, in book form, in 1910. The story had earlier appeared as a magazine serial.

According to Wikipedia, Rupert Psmith (the P is silent) is the eccentric friend of cricket enthusiast Mike Jackson. Rupert Psmith was born Rupert Smith, but later changed the spelling of his name because there are too many Smiths in the world. He is a recurring character in a series of  four books (Psmith in the City is the second book), and several magazine stories. He’s a bit of a dandy, and often wears a monocle. Psmith was originally Mike’s sidekick, but eventually became the central character.

I downloaded Psmith in the City from the Seattle Public Library and read it on my phone.

Psmith in the CityMike Jackson is playing on a cricket team run by Mr. Smith (Psmith’s father). Mr. Smith is a “man of hobbies”, and is as eccentric as his son. Earlier, Mike and his chum Psmith had been discussing their plans for ‘Varsity. Mike wants to attend Cambridge.

“Between ourselves,” confided Psmith, “I’m dashed if I know what’s going to happen to me. I am the thingummy of what’s-its-name.”

(Like most of this book, I easily got the gist of what was going on, even when I understood neither the slang nor the cricket terms.)

During the match, some lout walks behind the bowler’s arm, causing Mike to lose the game with ninety-eight runs – just two runs shy of achieving a century. After calling this fellow an idiot, Mike learns that the gentleman’s name is John Bickersdyke, and that Mr. Bickersdyke went to school with Mr. Smith.

Mike is in a foul mood after losing the match, but his life is about to get worse. Mr. Jackson informs his son that he has lost a very large sum of money, and can’t afford to send Mike to Cambridge. Mike and his brother Bob will have to start earning their livings. Mike is disappointed, but faces the challenge like a sportsman.

An opportunity opens for Mike at the New Asiatic Bank, in London. He travels to the city by train.

Mike, on his own for the first time in his life, finds a cheap furnished apartment in Dulwich, near the college and cricket field. He reports for work in the Postage Department of the New Asiatic Bank.

The bank manager, by the way, is Mr. Bickersdyke – the same idiot who caused Mike to lose the match.

After Mike has settled into his new position, a fellow walks into the department. To Mike’s surprise, it’s Psmith. Mr. Rossiter, the head of the department, asks this fellow who he is, and Psmith launches into a lengthy and detailed family history. Mr. Rossiter is able to interrupt him enough to learn that Psmith is a new employee, reporting for duty. Psmith adds that his name is no longer important, since he is now proudly a cog in the machinery of industry.

Psmith’s enthusiasm for his new assignment is so great (promising at one point that the partnership of Jackson, Rossiter, and Psmith will make the Postage Department one that people will travel from America to tour) that it leaves Mr. Rossiter dazed.

But why, Mike asks over lunch, is Psmith working at a bank and not perusing ‘Varsity? Psmith explains how a casual remark was seen as an insult to Mr. Bickersdyke, who exclaimed that if Psmith were working at his firm, he’d teach him some manners. Psmith mistook that as a personal invitation to work at the bank. Mr. Smith, ever the hobbyist, went along with a whim, sending Psmith to work at the bank.

Psmith, full of self-importance, invites Mike to move in with him – as a paid assistant. Mike resists, at first. It’s tough to resist Psmith, however. Besides, Mike’s Dulwich apartment is miserable, and he doesn’t like his landlady, who he refers to as “a pantomime dame”. Mike moves in with Psmith.

Psmith in the City follows the various adventures of Mike and Psmith as they work at their careers in the New Asiatic Bank. Mike simply wants to earn a paycheck, keep his head low, and avoid being dismissed. Psmith has loftier goals.

Psmith, in fact, has a grand scheme in mind – one involving exploiting the weaknesses of Rossiter and Bickersdyke in order to “pacify” them. Psmith may be eccentric, but he has an excellent understanding of his fellow man (when his inflated self image doesn’t get in the way, that is).

But Mike Jackson is going to need Psmith’s help if his going to make a go of life in the city.

Psmith in the City is delightful, clever, witty, and hilarious. I loved it.

I had no trouble jumping into the story without having read the first book. (I chose to read the second book, because in the first one, originally named Mike and later renamed Mike and Psmith, Psmith doesn’t show up until well into the second half of the story.)

I made frequent visits to the internet as I read this book, searching Google for British slang, and searching YouTube for “how to play cricket”. I learned a lot while reading this wonderful book.

  • A book with an eccentric character

An Eccentric Immigrant

A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian, by Marina Lewycka, was published in 2005.

Short History of Tractors in UkranianInternet searches for “a book with an eccentric character” lead me to this novel. I downloaded the eBook from the Seattle Public Library and read it on my phone. I’m really liking that Libby by Overdrive app.

About a third of the way through the book, I decided that it was more about an immigrant than it was about an eccentric character. So I switched the book’s Category.

The story takes place in Peterborough, England. Nadezha and her older sister, Vera, are concerned about their 84-year-old, widowed father, Nikolai, who has announced his intent to marry a Ukrainian immigrant named Valentina. Valentina is a flamboyant 36-year-old woman with enormous breasts and an alleged degree in Pharmacy. Nadezha and Vera rarely agree with each other, but they both question the motives behind this upcoming marriage.

Nadezha is the story’s narrator.

Nadezha and Vera’s parents lived a frugal life in Ukraine, under Stalin’s oppression – mending rather than replacing, making rather than buying – until saving enough money to immigrate to Britain. When Mother died, Nadezha and Vera fought over her possessions. The sisters became bitter enemies, until Valentina brought them back together.

Nikolai doesn’t deny that he’s marrying Valentia so she can become a British citizen. Her visa runs out in three weeks, and she’ll have to divorce her Ukrainian husband before she marries Nikolai, but Nikolai is determined to help all suffering Ukrainians.

Nadezha reminds Pappa that Ukraine isn’t the same as it was when he left, as a refugee from World War II, fifty years ago.

Nikolai Mayevskyj is a man filled with love – love for Valentina and for Ukraine. He thinks with his heart. Even when Valentina leaves for Ukraine, without saying goodbye, with the 1,800 pounds he gave her, Nikolai knows she will go home, divorce her husband, return to Britain, and marry him.

Nadezha and Vera secretly contact the Home Office together, trying to stop Valentina’s return. Their father must never know what they’ve done.

Vera is using Valentina’s example to support her anti-immigrant stance. Nadezha can’t understand how an immigrant can be so opposed to immigration.

Nikolai is an engineer and a writer. Before he came to England, he and his fellow writers would write poetry in Ukrainian, defying the Soviet ban on all languages except Russian. He worked in a tractor factory, because it was safer, under the watching eyes of the Soviets, than working in an airplane factory. Now, Nikolai is writing his master work: A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian. He’s writing it first in Ukrainian and then translating it into English.

Excerpts from Nikolai’s book, which is about exactly what the title says it’s about, appear in the novel.

I actually found Nikolai’s book more interesting than the novel.

Actually, I didn’t like this book. The characters were one-dimensional caricatures, like they were walking into a sitcom. The book wasn’t funny, however. Valentina’s treatment of Nikolai bordered on elder abuse. The flashbacks to the genocide from the Soviet and Nazi occupations of Ukraine were gruesome.

And yet, the book obviously wants to be a comedy. Nadezha is a professor of sociology, and is constantly angered by people thinking she’s a social worker. One of the many broken down cars in the story is named Crap Car, and so on.

I’m sure there was more to Valentina’s side of the story than just her being a shallow gold digger, and I wanted to hear it. I wanted something to suggest that Nadezha might be wrong.

If you want to know the history of tractors, skim through this book until you find the excerpts. Otherwise, I don’t recommend it.

  • A book about an immigrant or refugee